Types of Vehicles
There are many types of electric vehicles on the market. How much you drive, your lifestyle and other factors will determine what type is best for you. The technology used for the three types below is different and will determine how you will charge your vehicle.
View a comprehensive list of plug-in electric vehicles.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
A PHEV is similar to a conventional hybrid, but has a larger battery that can be charged by plugging into an electric outlet. PHEVs typically have an electric-only range of 10 to 40 miles, and a gasoline engine helps to achieve higher speeds. After the electric-only range is exceeded, the vehicle continues to operate as a hybrid vehicle using the gasoline engine. The Chrysler Pacifica hybrid plug-in is an example of a PHEV.
Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (EREV)
An EREV utilizes an all-electric drive unit powered by a larger advanced battery for its initial range. After depleting the battery, an on-board generator provides electricity to travel an extended distance. The gasoline generator does not charge the battery system, but instead provides the electricity required for the electric drive unit. The Honda Clarity is an example of an EREV.
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
Battery electric vehicles are all-electric, have no internal combustion engine or exhaust pipe and are totally dependent on plugging into an electric power source. To accommodate a longer range, electric-only vehicles require a larger battery. The Nissan Leaf, is an example of a BEV.